Living Standards Measurement Study
The Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) is a household survey program housed within the Survey Unit of the World Bank's Development Data Group that provides technical assistance to national statistical offices (NSOs) in the design and implementation of multi-topic household surveys. Since its inception in the early 1980s, the LSMS program has worked with dozens of statistics offices around the world: generating high-quality data, incorporating innovative technologies and improved survey methodologies, and building technical capacity. The LSMS team also provides technical support across the World Bank in the design and implementation of household surveys and in the measurement and monitoring of poverty.
LSMS Team Contacts
Lead Economist /
Senior Economist /
Senior Economist /
Senior Economist /
The LSMS-ISA Steering Committee meets annually to review ongoing activities and discuss future plans. The committee provides guidance to the LSMS team on broad strategic issues and performs an important advocacy role for the project. The following institutions are represented in the SC:
Technical Advisory Board
The LSMS-ISA Technical Advisory Board advises the LSMS team on key technical decisions of the LSMS-ISA project, including issues involving country selection, survey and sample design, and data management and dissemination. The board also provides technical reviews of methodological studies and research conducted under the LSMS-ISA project.
Technical Working Groups
The LSMS-ISA Technical Working Groups contribute to the survey design and promote analytical work in each LSMS-ISA country. For each country, the Technical Working Group is composed of a LSMS team member, the LSMS-ISA country Resident Adviser, one or more researchers from the World Bank's Development Research Group, a staff member from the implementing agency in the country, representatives of relevant line ministries, members of the local research and academic communities, representatives of any sub-grantee institutions, and other key stakeholders.
The LSMS-ISA team is proud to collaborate with the following institutions on a number of innovative agricultural development projects, including:
Global Rural and Agricultural Integrated Surveys (GRAInS)
Partnership for Capacity Development in Household Surveys for Welfare Analysis
The Center for Development Data (C4D2) is a Rome-based hub for fostering methodological innovation and strengthening capacity in household surveys in low- and middle-income countries. It is coordinated by the Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) team in the World Bank’s Development Data Group (DECDG).
The Center’s mission is to facilitate the production of high-quality, timely, and relevant data on poverty, inequality, agriculture, and rural development to inform country-level policy making and investment decisions to catalyze poverty reduction, food security, and growth.
Spearheading a rigorous program of methodological research, C4D2 aims to build on and intensify international efforts to increase the accuracy and cost effectiveness of household and other types of surveys for sustainable development.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) agenda requires the monitoring of a complex set of targets, leading to greater demand for data, methods, and standards from national and international statistical systems. The current international landscape is characterized by significant gaps in the availability and quality of survey data on households and individuals, a lack of data-quality standards, and low institutional capacity for survey design and implementation. Furthermore, following decades of neglect, reliable information on agriculture and rural development— which is key to poverty reduction in most low-income countries—remains especially deficient and worthy of renewed attention.
The World Bank, jointly with several development partners, is committed to altering this landscape and ending the current state of data deprivation. As part of a coordinated international effort, C4D2 works to develop and support the adoption of best practices, monitor quality standards, and build capacity in integrated surveys across the globe.
The Center helps address shortfalls in survey data through partnerships for methodological innovation, survey integration, and capacity development. It serves as a platform for the coordination of survey design decisions and fieldwork implementation. The Center is the home of the Global Rural and Agricultural Integrated Surveys (GRAInS) partnership, which builds on the work of multiple international survey initiatives — including the World Bank’s Living Standards Measurement Study–Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA), the Food and Agriculture Organization’s Agricultural and Rural Integrated Survey (AGRIS), and the U.S. Agency for International Development’s Core Agricultural and Rural Data Surveys (CARDS) — and on technical support from agencies such as the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The Center also collaborates closely with academic institutions and research organizations worldwide.