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Peru 1994

Living Standards Survey




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Sample Size:3,500
Domains:Urban/rural; Regions (Coast, Mountains, Forest, Lima)
Collection Dates:June - August
Panel:Yes, with 1985, 1990, and 1991
Executing Agency:Cuánto S.A.
Access Policy:Available for free download
Other LSMS surveys for this country:198519901991















File Name

Description and Format

Cuestionario de la Encuesta de Hogares (pe94hhq)

The questionnaire is an essential tool for using the data. In addition to containing the questions, it also contains codes and skip patterns.


PDF (728 Kb)
Spanish fonts embedded
PDF (381 Kb)
Spanish fonts not embedded  
PDF (87 Kb)
Postscript (153 Kb)
PKzipped, English
Información Básica (i-basica & annex)

Describes the design of the survey and its coverage for potential users and provides general information about the general characteristics of the survey.


PDF (176 Kb)PDF (367 Kb)
Postscript (37 Kb)
Supplemental Information (pe94sid1)

This document is written in English and provides a general description of the 1994 ENNIV and is designed to be used in addition to the Basic Information Document.  It also contains information useful to researchers using both the 1991 and 1994 data.

PDF (69 Kb)

Diseño Muestral

Discusses the rationale for the survey, its coverage in terms of people and geography, and the sample design.


PDF (79 Kb)Postscript (27 Kb)
Manual del Jefe de Brigada

This document details the responsibilities of the team leader from selection of households, training and supervision of interviewers, and disbursement of funds and in field consistency checks of questionnaires.


PDF (659 Kb)Postscript (106 Kb)
Diccionario de Variables
(dicciona, cenpob94)

This document lists all variable names by type (numerical, character, etc.), position, length and possible values. The variable names match those on the questionnaire and they are grouped into records which match the sections of the questionnaire and to some degree correspond to the data files.


PDF (108 Kb)
Household Data
(Postscript (45 Kb)
Household Data PKzipped
PDF (23 Kb) 
Community Data
Especificaciones para la Composición del Ingreso y del Gasto

Description of the Construction of Income and Expenditure Aggregates: This document details how annual income and expenditures were constructed. There is little to no written description. This document can only be understood with the survey questionnaire in hand. It can also be used to infer the construction of income and expenditures aggregates for previous surveys such as 1991.


PDF (215 Kb)Postscript (39 Kb)
Manual del Codificación y Conversión

This document identifies many composite variables necessary to use the data correctly. The key information includes a description of the components of a household identifier (segmento, vivienda, hogar), description of all location codes used (i) Geographical Location (distrito, provincia, departamento); (ii) Population Centers (distrito, provincia, departamento); (iii) Types of Population Center and (iv) Country. Other important codes (v) economic activity; (vi) occupation; (vii) crops; (viii) breeding stock; (ix) agricultural sub-products; (x) livestock sub-products; (xi) pesticides; and (xii) goods and services.


PDF (495 Kb) 
Description of coding process
Postscript (71 Kb)
Description of coding process PKzipped
PDF (1.4 MB)  
Geographic Location
PDF (171 Kb)
Population Centers
PDF (8 Kb)
Types of Population Center
PDF (116 Kb)
PDF (541 Kb)  
Economic Activity
PDF (2.0 MB)
PDF (97 Kb)
PDF (11 Kb)
Breeding stock
PDF (17 Kb)  
Agricultural Sub-products
PDF (13 Kb)
Livestock Sub-products
PDF (220 Kb)Pesticides PDF (1.9 MB)
Goods and Services
Manual del Encuestador

This document starts with a description of the scope and the objectives of the survey but concentrates on the execution of the study itself: the responsibilities of the survey team members, the time frame of the assigned tasks, interviewing techniques, basic concepts and definitions, objectives of each section and who to interview for each section, how to obtain the required information and fill out the questionnaire.


PDF (872 Kb)Postscript (325 Kb)
Programa de la Encuesta - Concepto y Definiciones

This document begins with a brief description of the objectives, themes and characteristics of the questionnaire. It most useful for is its descriptive definitions of the variables investigated in the survey.

PDF (129 Kb)Postscript (41 Kb)














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