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Nepal 1996

Living Standards Survey


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Sample Size:3,373
Domains:Urban/rural; ecological region (Mountains, Hills (urban), Hills (rural), Terai) 
Collection Dates:June 1995 - May 1996
Panel:    Yes, partial with 2003-04 and 2010-11
Executing Agency:  Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS)
Access Policy:  Information on how to obtain the data
Other LSMS surveys for this country: 2003-042010-11 










File Name

Description and Format

Survey Design and Implementation

This document provides a description of how the survey was designed and implemented.  It also contains codes for variables not found in the questionnaires, an explanation of how the aggregate variables were created, and information on the Nepalese calendar.

PDF (89 Kb)  

Household Questionnaire

The questionnaire is an essential tool for using the data. In addition to containing the questions, it also contains codes and skip patterns.   


PDF (691 Kb) Postscript (498 Kb)
Community Questionnaires

The community questionnaires collect information on the communities in which the households selected for the survey reside.  There are separate questionnaires for the communities depending on their location in urban or rural areas.  The information collected in both urban and rural areas includes population characteristics and infrastructure, access to facilities, and markets and prices.  In rural areas only, information was collected on agriculture and forestry, migration, development programs, user groups, and quality of life, primary schools, and health facilities.


PDF (56 Kb) 
PDF (168 Kb)
Postscript (126 Kb)
Postscript (288 Kb) 
All Questionnaires 

All of the questionnaires zipped into one file are provided here for ease of downloading.


ZIP (656 Kb)Postscript (911 Kb)
Interviewer Manual

This manual was used to provide the interviewers with instructions on how to implement the survey.  Key definitions are included along with specific instructions on how to administer every module of the questionnaire.  Information on special codes used are also included.


PDF (1.9 MB)
English Part 1 
PDF (1.8 MB)
English Part 2 
PDF (2.0 MB)
Nepali Part 1 
PDF (1.8 MB)
Nepali Part 2 
Supervisor Manual

This manual explains the duties of the supervisors.  It explains the importance of strict supervision of the field work and instruction on how to administer the survey.

PDF (1.1 MB)

Household Codebook

This document contains information on all of the variables and codes found in the household files.

PDF (2.0 MB)

Rural and Urban Community Codebook

This document contains information on all of the variables and codes found in the rural and urban community level files.

PDF (1.5 MB)

Main Findings

This document provides informatoin on the main findings from the survey data.


PDF (2.0 MB)
Volume 1 Part 1 
PDF (2.0 MB) 
Volume 1 Part 2
PDF (1.7 MB) 
Volume 2 Part 1
PDF (1.5 MB) 
Volume 2 Part 2



























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