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Monthly Research Highlights

Research Highlights August 2014

 

  • Vulnerability lines can be calculated in most settings with few data requirements
  • Subsidized voluntary health insurance unlikely to be the answer to universal health coverage
  • Small price incentives in land titling encourages the inclusion of women
  • Energy efficiency strategy not straightforward in Ukraine: analyzing the energy efficiency gap
  • How benchmark indexes affect asset allocations and capital flows across countries
  • The role of capital in system-wide bank fragility
  • Peer-based underperformance penalty generates herding behavior among pension fund managers
  • Exporting to high-income nations leads to quality upgrading

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Research Highlights July 2014

  • Who will feed China in the 21st Century?
  • Strong link between climate and urbanization in Africa
  • Is inequality of opportunity bad for growth? The cross-country evidence is inconclusive
  • Tracking deposit insurance through the financial crisis
  • Transparency policies may be ineffective if they undermine the commercial interest of financial institutions
  • The rapid growth of institutional investors has not lead to long-term financial markets
  • Patchy progress on the health-related Millennium Developments goals among the poorest 40 percent
  • Restrictions on liner shipping raise transport costs and hurt trade

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Research Highlights June 2014

 

  • Foreign aid increases economic growth in poor countries where it is a large source of funding
  • Easing access to credit could increase income diversity and agricultural productivity in rural Rwanda
  • Several distinct dynamics are at work across the convergence process to the managerial frontier
  • Exploring self-enforcing contracts in the forest sector as a way to reduce carbon emissions
  • High inequality in childhood cognitive skills as a channel for intergenerational transmission of poverty
  • Detecting the effect of remittances on economic growth likely to remain elusive
  • Non-OECD destinations account for one-third of global high-skilled migration

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Research Highlights May 2014 

  • Growth in social welfare mostly reflects growth in average incomes rather than changes in inequality
  • Elaborate regulations can be indicative of capture by special interests
  • Wage growth shifts comparative advantage to larger farms in Indonesia
  • Financial literacy and education interventions increase certain skills but not others
  • Saltwater intrusion expected to worsen fresh water supply in Bangladesh
  • Optimizing community welfare works best when diverse groups participate in local governance

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Research Highlights April 2014

  • Disappointing results for vocational training for the unemployed in Turkey
  • Microfinance expansion still good for poor households in Bangladesh
  • Son preference increases the mortality risk of women with first-born daughters in India
  • How “REDD” might contribute to forest management in Tanzania
  • Equal access to inputs may not be enough to close the gender gap in agricultural productivity in Nigeria
  • Missing complements reduce efficacy of R&D and catch-up gains for poor countries
  • The impact of exporting on firm performance differs by the income level of the destination

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Research Highlights March 2014

  • Government investment crowds in private investment, but…
  • Using subjective welfare data to measure poverty rates
  • Efficient regulations boost pro-cyclical pattern in entrepreneurship
  • Labor market imperfections drive the inverse farm-size productivity relationship in Rwanda
  • Low-scoring university students do worse when housed together
  • Negative import demand shocks precedes petitions for import protection


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Research Highlights February 2014

  • Why accurate measures of hunger remain elusive
  • Financial education during schooling years improves financial behavior later
  • Improving access to land and housing in West and Central African cities
  • Dealing with rising regional inequality in Bangladesh
  • Transactional and unprotected sex among unmarried and married women rises after shocks
  • Public sector pay affects the intrinsic motivation of government workers: evidence from Indonesia
  • No single approach is best when it comes to aid-for-trade

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Research Highlights January 2014

  • The world’s poorest countries need more economists poking around
  • Changes in global income distribution and regional composition since 1988
  • Economic agglomeration encourages job growth
  • Vote-buying: Good and bad
  • Declining energy intensity in four Chinese industries
  • Affordable solar panels gaining traction in Bangladesh
  • Turkey’s new trade barriers

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Research Highlights December 2013

  • Life-cycle of firms in developing countries
  • Two-way flows of people and globalization
  • Estimating foreign wage differentials and informal workers
  • Eastern European firms during the financial crisis
  • Lending behavior of foreign-owned banks during the financial crisis
  • Paying hospitals for insured patients
  • Decentralized farm input subsidies in Malawi
  • Assessing global benefit transfers

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Research Highlights November 2013

  • Collective action is essential to development... but organization is key to collective action
  • Access to credit affects households’ decisions to save and consume
  • Workfare programs may be less cost effective than other income transfers to the poor
  • Understanding why the size of the informal sector can rise after trade liberalization
  • Why free universal schooling isn’t free for the poor
  • Alleviating indoor air pollution in Madagascar
  • Household high-value cash crop production during food price shocks and stunting among children

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Research Highlights October 2013

  • Improved economic rights for women and development outcomes
  • Increased food safety standards and agricultural exports from poor countries
  • Bank reforms and risk-taking of shareholders
  • Consumption risk-sharing and financial openness
  • Microfinance competition in Bangladeshi villages
  • Awareness campaigns and supply-side changes
  • Distribution of economic impacts of rising oil prices
  • Land measurements and agricultural productivity relationships

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Research Highlights September 2013

  • Growth still is good for the poor
  • Quality of governance ratings
  • Ethical research guidelines in economic field work
  • Performance of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in India
  • The rural economy and structural transformation
  • Rainfall insurance and production decisions
  • How workers adjust to trade shocks

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Research Highlights August 2013

  • Transport costs affect urban economic activity in Sub-Saharan Africa by making access to critical core cities more expensive
  • Poverty- and merit-based incentives induced more schooling—but only merit-based scholarships induced more learning
  • The inequality extraction ratio can be used to explore civil conflict around the world
  • A mixture of carrots, sticks, and regulatory changes is needed to address firm informality
  • No evidence that aid flows lead to real exchange rate appreciation
  • Trade and innovation in the services sector may be a source of dynamism
  • Insulating trade practices to protect domestic food prices are ineffective in reducing poverty

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Research Highlights July 2013

  • Rising food prices may benefit the rural poor in India
  • Efforts by China to reduce carbon dioxide emissions may hold lessons for other developing countries
  • Compliance with court orders increased after publicity about the monitoring program in Costa Rica
  • Turkey’s export boom in the 2000s was based on churning across firms, destinations, and products
  • When a registry for movable collateral is introduced, access to finance increases
  • Reticence-adjusted estimates of corruption can be twice as large as responses to standard questions
  • New method for estimating poverty when official estimates are outdated

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Research Highlights June 2013

  • Cooperation on climate change: overcoming “narrative,” “adding-up,” and “new world” problems
  • Over 1 billion women worldwide remain outside the formal financial system
  • When it comes to global liquidity shortages financial integration may be welfare-reducing for emerging economies
  • Donors’ behavior is consistent with their commitments to use in- country aid management systems
  • It may be a mistake to dismiss trade insulation as a potential food stabilization policy
  • The effect of water hauling on girls schooling in Ghana
  • Microfinance institutions in Bangladesh are differentiating to meet the needs of clients in rural areas
  • New Book: A Unified Approach to Measuring Poverty and Inequality: Theory and Practice

PDF (255 KB)


Research Highlights May 2013

  • “Incentive audits” proposed as a tool to help prevent future financial crises
  • Understanding the forces that drive agricultural policy choices
  • Measuring the intangible wealth of nations—human and institutional capital
  • In Tanzania, internal migrants shoot ahead in life and are hardly taxed by home communities
  • Educational content weaved into entertainment media can shift individual behavior
  • Understanding how women's fertility decisions are affected by the presence of HIV
  • The role of capital markets in the economic expansion of China and India is smaller than expected
  • Export entrepreneurship in Latin America and the Caribbean compares favorably with other countries

PDF (281 KB)


Research Highlights April 2013

  • Why food price stabilization policies are here to stay
  • Input use and asset ownership underlie gender differences in agricultural productivity in Malawi
  • Local benefits from mining decrease with geographic distance in Peru
  • One-stop-shops did not increase business registration in less populous municipalities in Brazil
  • Ending fuel subsidies may be easier in some countries, and harder in others
  • Incentivizing health providers with pay for performance improves testing for HIV in Rwanda
  • So-called nondiscriminatory trade policies can end up being discriminatory
  • Governments respond to rainfall shortages by lowering tariffs on agricultural imports

PDF (200 KB)


Research Highlights March 2013

  • Sri Lanka needs improvements in productivity to sustain high rates of economic growth
  • Government connections affect access to credit in Chinese firms
  • Better access to microfinance needed for rural, nonfarm microenterprises in Bangladesh
  • Conditional transfers benefit children less likely to receive educational investments by parents
  • Household consumption errors have a negative correlation with the true value of consumption
  • The share of global trade by developing countries has increased
  • Bonds can tell us much about what role domestic and international markets play under financial globalization

PDF (228 KB)


Research Highlights February 2013

  • Two scenarios for lifting one billion people out of poverty
  • Area estimation techniques identify populations for targeted poverty alleviation in Vietnam
  • Difficulties evaluating matching-grant programs provide lessons
  • Job satisfaction overlaps in the formal and informal sectors
  • Where vote buying is prevalent, governments invest less in pro-poor services
  • Overlapping property rights reduce the effectiveness of land reforms in West Bengal
  • Women’s rural entrepreneurship is both less prevalent and less productive than men’s
  • Some of China’s biofuel targets are on track, others will need additional fiscal incentives
  • Trade policies in emerging economies have become more responsive to economic shocks

PDF (335 KB)


Research Highlights January 2013

  • Conflict is higher in places where the ability of citizens to act collectively is limited by leaders
  • Coastal wetlands most at risk from rising sea level are concentrated in a handful of countries
  • Agricultural trade and price policy reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa contributed to economic growth
  • International comparisons of inequality of opportunity are now possible—but different indices tell very different stories
  • Understanding the barriers to ownership and use of formal financial accounts
  • The jury is out on the virtues of export promotion programs

PDF (335 KB)


Last updated: 2014-08-19




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