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Confronting AIDS—Public Priorities in a Global Epidemic

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Report also available in Russian. 
AIDS has already taken a terrible human toll, not only among those who have died but among their families and communities. Short of an affordable cure, this toll is certain to rise. With approximately 90 percent of all HIV infections occurring in developing countries, more intensive government prevention efforts, especially among people who have many sex partners or inject drugs, could save millions of lives and reduce the severe economic and social costs of the epidemic.

Confronting AIDS—Public Priorities in a Global Epidemic argues that the global epidemic of HIV/AIDS can be overcome. It draws from three bodies of knowledge: the epidemiology of HIV, public health insights into disease control, and public economics. The report argues that AIDS is a large and growing problem and that governments can and should confront the epidemic by preventing new infections and by mitigating the impact of infections that occur. It finds that some policies will be much more effective than others in reducing the spread of HIV and mitigating its impact, and it provides the framework to help distinguish among activities that can be undertaken by household and the private sector, including nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), those that should be initiated by developing country governments, and those that should be most strongly supported by the international development community.


Confronting AIDS—Public Priorities in a Global Epidemic was written by Martha Ainsworth and Mead Over of the World Bank Development Research Group. The report was produced under the direction of Lyn Squire and Joseph Stiglitz. Original research for this report includes work by the authors and by Nina Brooks, Samantha Forusz, Kathleen Mantila, Deon Filmer , Tim Brown, Werasit Sittitrai, Eduard Bos, Julia Dayton, and Michael Merson.


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