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Bangladesh Pesticide Use

Authors:Susmita Dasgupta
Topics:Environment
Report Number:wps3776
Citation: 

Survey Data

The research carried out by the World Bank in the summer of In 2003 used structured questionnaires to collect information on pesticide use and practices, risk perceptions, knowledge, precautions and damage averting behavior, and health effects from 1,078 farmers (175 owners, 132 applicators & 771 owner+applicator), randomly selected. The survey was designed and supervised by the World Bank team, and conducted by the Development Policy Group in Bangladesh. The survey, by design, focused on major pesticide intensive crops such as Boro (winter rice), potato, bean, eggplant, cabbage, sugarcane and mango. To provide greater depth, 68 randomly-selected farmers who currently use Integrated Pest Management (IPM) were also interviewed. The sample was geographically stratified among 11 districts of Bangladesh as: Bogra, Chapainawabganj, Rajshahi, and Rangpur districts in the Rajshahi division (Northwest); Chittagong and Comilla in the Chittagong division (East); Jessore in the Khulna division (West); and Kishoreganj, Munshiganj, Narsingdi, and Mymensingh in the Dhaka division.

To minimize reporting bias, the survey was implemented under the agreement that the team would not reveal the identity of the farms surveyed or the respondents who participated.

Pesticide Use Survey :

The Excel Workbooks have been divided into Worksheets to match the major sections of the Questionnaire. The sections/parts have been color coded for convenience.

Columns in the data sheets containing questions, which did not receive any response, have been filled with the color grey.

  • Questionnaire (pdf file, 177 kb)
  • Applicator Section (MS Excel file, 285 kb)
    Primary data on 132 randomly selected pesticide applicators in the production of major pesticide intensive crops such as Boro (winter rice), potato, bean, eggplant, cabbage, sugarcane and mango across 11 districts of Bangladesh. The detailed Information include: 1) applicator’s characteristic: age, income, education, nutritional status: weight/height; 2) risk perceptions of pesticide use, knowledge, precautions and damage-averting behavior; 3) health effects of pesticide use.
  • Owner/Manager/Lessee & Applicator Section (MS Excel file, 356 kb)
    Primary data on 771 randomly selected land owner/manager/leesee cum pesticide applicators in the production of major pesticide intensive crops such as Boro (winter rice), potato, bean, eggplant, cabbage, sugarcane and mango across 11 districts of Bangladesh. The detailed Information include: 1) farmer’s characteristic: age, income, education, nutritional status: weight/height, plot size, ownership; 2) risk perceptions of pesticide use, knowledge, precautions and damage-averting behavior; 3) health effects of pesticide use.
  • Owner/Manager/Lessee (MS Excel file, 2067 kb)
    Primary data on 175 randomly selected (absentee) land owner/manager/leesee
     major pesticide intensive crops such as Boro (winter rice), potato, bean, eggplant, cabbage, sugarcane and mango across 11 districts of Bangladesh. across 11 districts of Bangladesh. The detailed Information include: 1) farmer’s characteristic: age, income, education, nutritional status: weight/height, plot size, ownership; 2) risk perceptions of pesticide use, knowledge, precautions and damage-averting behavior; 3) health effects of pesticide use.
  • Owner & Applicator-Log (MS Excel file, 1578 kb)
    Log of pesticides used by 771 land owner/manager/leesee cum pesticide applicators in the production of major pesticide intensive crops such as Boro (winter rice), potato, bean, eggplant, cabbage, sugarcane and mango in Bangladesh.
  • Owner Only-Log (MS Excel file, 271 kb)
    Log of pesticides reported by 175 absentee land owner/manager/leesee in the production of major pesticide intensive crops such as Boro (winter rice), potato, bean, eggplant, cabbage, sugarcane and mango in Bangladesh.

Description of variables in Pesticide Log (‘Bangladesh Main Survey-Pesticide Log-Owner’ & ‘Bangladesh Main Survey-Pesticide Log-Owner & Applicator’) not included in the survey:

  • LD50 = “Lethal Dose”: The amount given all at once which causes the death of 50% of a group of test animals.
  • LC50 = “Lethal Concentration”: Concentration of the chemical that kills 50% of the test animals in a given time (usually four hours).
  • EIQ Total = {C[(DT*5)+(DT*P)]+[(C*((S=P)/2)*SY)+(L)]+[(F*R)+(D*((S+P)/2)*3)+(Z*P*3)+(B*P*5)]}/3
  • DT = dermal toxicity, C = chronic toxicity, SY = systemicity, F = fish toxicity, L = leaching potential, R = surface loss potential, D = bird toxicity, S = soil half-life, Z = bee toxicity, B = beneficial arthropod toxicity, P = plant surface half-life.
  • Farm worker = Farm worker risk: applicator exposure (DT*5) plus picker exposure (DT*P) times the long-term health effect or chronic toxicity (C).
  • Consumer = Consumer exposure potential: (C*((S+P)/2)*SY).
  • Leaching = Potential ground water effect.
  • Ecology = Ecological: aquatic and terrestrial effects = The effects of the chemicals on fish (F*R), birds (D*((S+P)/2)*3), bees (Z*P*3), and beneficial arthropods (B*P*5).



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