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Pollution Indicators and Status for China

Report Number:1644
Citation: 

These pollution data tables are being made available by the "Economics of Industrial Pollution Control" research team of DECRG in the World Bank. The data are compiled from the China Environmental Quality Report, produced by the China National Environmental Monitoring Station, dated July, 1991 and the China Environment Yearbooks from China's State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA).


The information and datasets provided have been acquired through publicly available documents, produced and made public by the Chinese government sources we have listed. The data is being made available as an adjunct to the Economics of Pollution Control Research project to support and encourage a better understanding of industrial pollution issues throughout the world. The World Bank and the research team will not be responsible for inaccuracies with or problems using these data.

The file ChinaPollution_120109.zip contains newly created XLS versions of the original five data files in Lotus .wk1 format from the original chinstat.zip file.

The five files are:

  • amb-tsp.wk1 (new version: AmbientTSPconcentrations.xls)
  • amb-nox.wk1 (new version: AmbientNOxConcentrations.xls)
  • amb-so2.wk1 (new version: AmbientSO2Concentrations.xls)
  • combine1.wk1 (new version: EnvironmentalData_EnvironmentalYearbooks.xls)
  • water1.wk1 (new version: AmbientWaterPollutantConcentrations.xls)

The content of these files is as follows:

Ambient air quality in select Chinese cities for 1981 - 1995:

  • amb-tsp.wk1 - Total Suspended Particulates
  • amb-nox.wk1 - NOx
  • amb-so2.wk1 - SO2

Each file contains the following fields:

  • cityname,
  • location (north or south),
  • coastal (1 = on the coast),
  • population, and
  • ambient concentration by year (1981-1995).

Notes: about these 3 files.

  1. The source of the data from 1981 to 1990 is the China Environmental Quality Report, produced by the China National Environmental Monitoring Station, dated July, 1991. The source of the data from 1991 to 1995 is the China Environment Yearbooks from China's State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA).
  2. There is no data from the Environmental Yearbooks for Benxi and Fushun, which is why information stops by 1990.
  3. Ambient concentration is measured/defined as an 'annual daily average'.

Province-level pollution data for China - combine1.wk1

This data set contains the following fields (T = metric tons):

  • province name,
  • year (1987-1995),
  • Total Wastewater Discharge (million T),
  • Total Industrial Waste Water Discharge (million T)
  • Industrial wastewater discharge intensity (ton/10,000 yuan output)
  • Total Industrial Waste Water Treated (million T)
  • Of which: treated by city water treatment plant and centralized treatment facilities (million T)
  • Total Industrial Waste Water Meeting Discharge Standard (million T)
  • Industrial COD discharge (ton)
  • Industrial COD discharge intensity (ton/million yuan output)
  • waste gas emission ( billion m3)
  • Waste gas emission intensity (m3/yuan output)
  • industrial waste gas emission ( billion m3)
  • Industrial waste gas emission intensity (m3/yuan output)
  • SO2 discharge (ton)
  • SO2 discharge intensity (ton/million yuan output)
  • Industrial SO2 discharge
  • Industrial SO2 discharge intensity (ton/million yuan output)
  • Total smoke discharge (ton)
  • smoke discharge intensity (ton/million yuan output)
  • Industrial Smoke discharge
  • Industrial smoke discharge intensity (ton/million yuan output)
  • industrial smoke treatment (ton)
  • Industrial dust discharge (ton)
  • Industrial dust discharge intensity (ton/million yuan output)
  • industrial dust recovery (ton)
  • Output Value of Waste Recycling (million yuan)
  • Coal Consumption (million T)
  • No. of Enterprises in Sample of Envir Data
  • Total Value of Industrial Output from sampling enterprises (million yuan)
  • # of Enterprises paying for pollution discharge
  • Total pollution discharge fee collected (total levy; million yuan)
  • levy on waste water (million yuan)
  • levy on waste gas(million yuan)
  • levy on sewage water (million yuan)
  • Total # of environmental accidents
  • Compensation for environmental accidents (million yuan)
  • Fine for environmental accidents (million yuan)
  • # of pollution complaint letters governments received
  • # of pollution complaint letters governments responded
  • # of citizen-visits to government offices for environmental issues

Notes for combine1.wk1:

  • the output is 1990 constant price, so all the intensities are using 1990
  • Source: China's Environmental Yearbooks, State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA).

Ambient water pollutant concentrations in major Chinese rivers - water1.wk1

Data are available for these rivers:

  • Songhua
  • Daliao
  • Yellow River
  • Yangze River
  • Pearl River
  • Huai River

The following variables are provided:

  • river name
  • year
  • pH
  • Suspended Solids (SS)
  • Dissolved Oxygen (DO)
  • COD
  • BOD
  • NH3-N
  • NO2-N
  • Phenols
  • Cyanide
  • As
  • Hg
  • Pb
  • oil

Notes:

  1. All units (except pH) are mg/l, annual average
  2. Source: China Environmental Yearbook from the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA)

Additional Related Working Papers

Access to Dataset
  • Pollution Indicators and Status for China (zipped file, 94.4kb)


  • Pollution Indicators and Status for China (zipped MS Excel file, 134kb)





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