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Global Development Network Growth Database

Authors:William R. Easterly
Web Address:Macroeconomics and Growth
Topics:Macroeconomic & Economic Growth
Citation: 

Publication date:  June 1, 2001

Macro time series
Micro time series
Government finance
Social indicators and fixed factors
Notes

(Data sets are provided in MS Excel format, and in two compressed formats: as a zip file, and as a self-extracting exe file. Both files contain the same information. 

Downloading and decompressing data set files
The data sets included with some of the published articles and working papers are provided in two compressed formats: as a self-extracting exe file and as a zip file. Please note that the exe file and the zip file for a particular data set contain identical information; there is no need to download both files.

Exe files are self-extracting DOS/Windows files. To open them, double click on the file name in Windows or type the name of the file at the C: prompt in DOS.

Macro Time Series
Database available in MS Excel format (5.29mb), as well as in  zip format (1.78mb) and self-extracting zip format (1.79mb)

GDP, PPP (current international $)

Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators

GDP at market prices (current US$)

ibid.

GDP at market prices (current LCU)

ibid.

GDP growth (annual %)

ibid.

Real GDP Per Capita in constant dollars (international prices, base year 1985)

Penn World Table 5.6. Missing data calculated from 1985 GDP per capita and GDP per capita growth rates (Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators).

GDP Per Capita growth (annual %)

ibid.

Trading Partners' GDP Per Capita growth (%, weighted average by trade share)

IMF: Directions of Trade (trade data); Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators (GDP per capita growth)

OECD Trading Partners' GDP Per Capita growth (%, weighted average by trade share)

ibid.

Non-OECD Trading Partners' GDP Per Capita growth (%, weighted average by trade share)

ibid.

Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)

Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators

Population, total

ibid.

Population growth (annual %)

ibid.

Urban population (% of total population)

ibid.

Terms of trade adjustment (constant LCU)

ibid.

Terms of trade (goods and services, 1995 = 100)

ibid.

Terms of trade (definition 2)

ibid.

Non-OECD terms of trade (definition 2, weighted by share of trade with non-OECD countries)

ibid; IMF: Directions of Trade (for trade data).

Total trade (imports+exports) (% of GDP)

Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators

Trade with OECD countries (imports+exports) (% of GDP)

ibid.

Trade with non-OECD countries (imports+exports) (% of GDP)

ibid.

Exports of goods and services (BoP, current US$)

ibid.

Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)

ibid.

Imports of goods and services (BoP, current US$)

ibid.

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

ibid.

External debt, total (DOD, current US$)

ibid.

External debt (% of GDP)

ibid.

Real effective exchange rate index (1995=100)

ibid. Formula: CPI(local)/(CPI(US)*Official ER)

Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average)

ibid.

Real Overvaluation

Dollar 1992 "Outward- oriented developing economies really do grow more rapidly: evidence from 95 LDCs, 1976- 1985" (overvaluation index); Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators (Real effective exchange rate index)

Black market premium (%, 0 means zero)

Levine and Renelt; World Currency Yearbook (1985, 1990-93); Adrian Wood 1988 "Global trends in real exchange rates: 1960-84" (filling in missing observations); Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators (1996-1997, formula: (parallel Xrate/official Xrate-1)*100 ); values for industrial countries are added as 0

Consumer price index (1995 = 100)

Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %)

ibid.

Real interest rate (%)

ibid. Missing data filled in from Easterly, Rodriguez, and Schmidt-Hebbel "Public Sector Deficits and Macroeconomic Performance." (Statistical appendix) 1994.

Money and quasi money (M2) as % of GDP

ibid.

Overall budget surplus, including grants (% of GDP)

ibid.

Overall budget surplus, excluding capital grants (% of GDP)

ibid. Missing data filled in from Easterly, Rodriguez, and Schmidt-Hebbel "Public Sector Deficits and Macroeconomic Performance." (Statistical appendix) 1994.

Gross domestic investment (% of GDP)

Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators

Public investment (% of GDP)

Guy P. Pfeffermann, Gregory V. Kisunko, and Mariusz A. Sumlinski, "Trends in Private Investment in Developing Countries:Statistics for 1970-97". Missing data filled in from Easterly, Rodriguez, and Schmidt-Hebbel "Public Sector Deficits and Macroeconomic Performance." (Statistical appendix) 1994 and Bruno and Easterly JME 1998.

Private investment (% of GDP)

Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators (for gross domestic investment); Guy P. Pfeffermann, Gregory V. Kisunko, and Mariusz A. Sumlinski, "Trends in Private Investment in Developing Countries:Statistics for 1970-97" (for public investment and private investment)

2) Micro Time Series
Database available in MS Excel format (865kb), as well as in zip format (259kb) and self-extracting zip format (279kb)

Capital per worker

Summers and Heston

Capital per worker (using disagg. Inv.)

Easterly, W. and Ross Levine, “It’s not factor accumulation: stylized facts and growth models” , Mimeo, World Bank and U. of Minnesota, September 1999

Capital per worker (using agg. Inv.)

ibid.

Capital stock (using disagg. Inv.)

ibid.

Workers

ibid.

Output per worker

ibid.

3) Government Finance
Database available in MS Excel format (13.9mb), as well as in zip format (2.58mb) and self-extracting zip format (2.6mb)

* all variables expressed as % of GDP

IMF: Government Financial Statistics: Central Govt, Consolidated Accts (AVAIL. BUDGETARY+EXTRA-BUDGETARY+SOC SEC); GDP data from Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators

80. OVERALL DEFICIT/SURPLUS

ibid.

81. TOTAL REVENUE & GRANTS

ibid.

81A. TAXES ON INCOME, PROFITS, & CAPITAL GAINS

ibid.

81B. SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS

ibid.

81C. TAXES ON PAYROLL OR WORK FORCE

ibid.

81D. TAXES ON PROPERTY

ibid.

81E. DOMESTIC TAXES ON GOODS & SERVICES

ibid.

81F. TAXES ON INTL TRADE & TRANSACTIONS

ibid.

81G. OTHER TAXES

ibid.

81Y. TOTAL REVENUE

ibid.

81YA. TAX REVENUE

ibid.

81YB. NONTAX REVENUE

ibid.

81YC. CAPITAL REVENUE

ibid.

81YD. CURRENT REVENUE

ibid.

81Z. GRANTS

ibid.

82. TOTAL EXPENDITURE

ibid.

82A. GENERAL PUBLIC SERVICES

ibid.

82AC. PUBLIC ORDER & SAFETY (B3)

ibid.

82B. DEFENSE (B2)

ibid.

82C. EDUCATION (B4)

ibid.

82D. HEALTH (B5)

ibid.

82E. SOCIAL SECURITY & WELFARE (B6)

ibid.

82F. HOUSING & COMMUNITY AMENITIES (B7)

ibid.

82G. RECREATIONAL, CULTURAL, & RELIG AFFAIRS (B8)

ibid.

82H. ECONOMIC AFFAIRS & SERVICES (B9 TO B13)

ibid.

82HB. AGRI, FORESTRY, FISHING, & HUNTING (B10)

ibid.

82HC. MINING & MINERAL RESOURCES, MANUF, & CONSTRUCTION (B11)

ibid.

82HD. FUEL & ENERGY (B9)

ibid.

82HI. TRANSPORTATION & COMMUNICATION (B12)

ibid.

82HL. OTH ECONOMIC AFFAIRS & SERVICES (B13)

ibid.

82K. OTH EXPENDITURES (B14)

ibid.

82N. CURR EXPENDITURE ON GOODS & SERVICES (C1)

ibid.

82NA. WAGES & SALARIES; EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS (C1.1 + C1.2)

ibid.

82NP. OTH PURCHASES OF GOODS & SERVICES (C1.3)

ibid.

82NX. EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS (C1.2)

ibid.

82PA. INTEREST PAYMENTS (C2)

ibid.

82PJ. SUBSIDIES & OTH CURR TRANSFERS (C3)

ibid.

82PK. SUBSIDIES (C3.1)

ibid.

82PM. TRANSFERS TO OTH LEVELS OF NATL GOVT (C3.2)

ibid.

82PP. TRANSFERS ABROAD (C3.5)

ibid.

82PT. TRANSFERS TO NONPROFIT INSTS & HHLDS (C3.3 4 + C3.4)

ibid.

82R. CURRENT EXPENDITURE (C.III)

ibid.

82V. CAPITAL EXPENDITURE (C.IV)

ibid.

82VA. ACQUISITION OF FIXED ASSETS (C4)

ibid.

82Z. EXPEND & LENDING MINUS REPAYMENTS (C.I; OR C.II + C.V)

4) Social Indicators and Fixed Factors
Database available in MS Excel format (3.38mb), as well as in zip format (784kb) and self-extracting zip format (803kb)

Social Indicators

 

School enrollment, primary (% gross)

Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators

School enrollment, secondary (% gross)

ibid.

School enrollment, tertiary (% gross)

ibid.

Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births)

ibid.

Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)

ibid.

Life expectancy at birth, total (years)

ibid.

Telephone mainlines (per 1,000 people)

ibid.

Telephone mainlines per employee

ibid.

Size of military/population

Arthur S. Banks Cross National Time-Series Data Archive

Automobiles per capita

ibid.

First class mail per capita

ibid.

Radios per capita

ibid.

TV sets per capita

ibid.

Newspaper circulation per capita

ibid.

Book titles per capita

ibid.

Assassinations

ibid.

General strikes

ibid.

Guerrilla warfare

ibid.

Major overnment crises

ibid.

Purges

ibid.

Riots

ibid.

Revolutions

ibid.

Party fractionalization index

ibid. Formula: F=1- , where t=the proportion of members associated with the ith party in the lower house of the legislature

Type of regime

ibid.

Coups d'etat

ibid.

Major constitutional changes

ibid.

Major cabinet changes

ibid.

Electric power production per capita (millions of kilowatt hours)

ibid.

 

 

Fixed Factors

 

Transition Economies

 

region

The World Bank

region: East Asia and Pacific

ibid.

region: East Europe and Central Asia

ibid.

region: Middle East and North Africa

ibid.

region: South Asia

ibid.

region: West Europe

ibid.

region: North America

ibid.

region: Sub Sahara Africa

ibid.

region: Latin America and Caribbean

ibid.

landlock

 

ethnic fractionalization

 

longitude

 

latitude

 

area

 

income level

The World Bank

low-income countries

ibid.

lower-middle income countries

ibid.

upper-middle income countries

ibid.

high-income OECD countries

ibid.

high-income non-OECD countries

ibid.

developing countries

ibid.

legal origin: British

 

legal origin: French

 

legal origin: Socialist

 

legal origin: German

 

legal origin: Scandinavian

 

tropical

 

exporters of manufactures

World Development Report

exporters of nonfuel primary products

ibid.

exporters of fuels (mainly oil)

ibid.

exporters of services

ibid.

diversified exporters

ibid.

not classified by export category

ibid.

5) Notes for data from Global Development Finance and World Development Indicators
(data from other sources are made compatible whenever information is available)

Data are shown for economies as they were constituted in 1997, and historical data are revised to reflect current political arrangements unless otherwise noted.

  • On 1 July 1997 China resumed its exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong. Data for China do not include data for Hong Kong, China, or Taiwan, China, unless otherwise noted.
  • Data for the Democratic Republic of Congo (Congo, Dem. Rep. in the table listings) refer to the former Zaire. For clarity, this edition also uses the formal name of the Republic of Congo (Congo, Rep. in the table listings).
  • Data are shown whenever possible for the individual countries formed from the former Czechoslovakia—the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
  • Data are shown for Eritrea whenever possible, but in most cases before 1992 Eritrea is included in the data for Ethiopia.
  • Data for Germany refer to the unified Germany unless otherwise noted.
  • Data for Jordan refer to the East Bank only unless otherwise noted.
  • In 1991 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was dissolved into 15 countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan). Whenever possible, data are shown for the individual countries.
  • Data for the Republic of Yemen refer to that country from 1990 onward; data for previous years refer to aggregated data of the former People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen and the former Yemen Arab Republic unless otherwise noted.
  • Whenever possible, data are shown for the individual countries formed from the former YugoslaviaBosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. All references to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the tables are to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia/Montenegro).

For Freedom House country ratings since 1972, visit its website at http://www.freedomhouse.org

Access to Dataset
  • The Lost Decades paper (pdf file, 318kb)


  • Macro time series (





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