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Educational Attainment Data, 1960-1985

Non-Bank Author:Robert J. Barro and Jong-Wha Lee
Web Address:Macroeconomics and Growth
Topics:Education and Macroeconomic & Economic Growth
Citation: 

Abstract 
Many theories of economic growth stress the role of human capital in the form of education, but empirical studies have been hampered by inadequate data. The authors describe a data set on educational attainment for 120 countries over five- year periods from 1960 to 1985. Census and survey figures fill over 40% of the cells, and the remainder are estimated from school-enrollment data by a perpetual- inventory method. The data refer to male and female attainment of the adult population at four levels: no schooling, primary, secondary, and higher. They also provide a rough breakdown into incomplete and complete attainment at the three levels of schooling.

Dataset:
Barro, Robert J. and Jong-Wha Lee, "International Comaprisons of Educational Attainment", NBER Working Paper No. W4349, 1993.

The authors describe a data set on educational attainment for 120 countries over five- year periods from 1960 to 1985. Census and survey figures fill over 40% of the cells, and the remainder are estimated from school-enrollment data by a perpetual- inventory method. The data refer to male and female attainment of the adult population at four levels: no schooling, primary, secondary, and higher. They also provide a rough breakdown into incomplete and complete attainment at the three levels of schooling.

The file contains the data set on educational attainment at various levels for the male and female population aged 25 and above. Out of the 129 countries constructed by Barro and Lee (1993), the data set includes 115 countries, which are in the sample countries of the Summers-Heston (1991) Mark 5. Data are presented, quinquennially, for the years 1960-1985.

The file has two plain ASCII (text) files: SCHOOL1.RAW, which contains data on schooling of the total population, and SCHOOL2.RAW, which contains the same data for the male and female population. Each file has 664 records (lines) of data, of which each line represents one country in one year. All 108 countries have 6 lines of data (108 x 6 = 648) and the remaining seven countries have 18 records in total. The seven countries, which have incomplete time series data on schooling, are Seychelles (Summers-Heston code 35), Dominica (52), St. Lucia (63), St. Vincent (64), Solomon Islands (135), Vanuatu (137), and Western Samoa (138).

Access to Dataset
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