The most rapid decline in poverty occurred in East Asia and the Pacific, where extreme poverty in Chinafell from 60 percent in 1990 to 13 percent. In the developing world outside china, the poverty rate fellfrom 37 to 25 percent. Poverty remains widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, but progresshas been substantial. In South Asia the poverty rate fell from 54 to 36 percent. In Sub-Saharan Africa thepoverty rate fell by 4.8 percentage points to less than 50 percent between 2005 and 2008, the largest dropin Sub-Saharan Africa since international poverty rates have been computed
Millennium Development Goals
Rates of malnutrition have dropped from 28.7 percent in 1990 to 17.9 percent in 2010, but over 100 million children under age of 5 remain underweight. Malnutrition prevalence in 2010 remain highest in low and lower middle income countries (23 percent and 24.6 percent respectively). In upper middle countries substantial progress was made to reduce the proportion of children under age of 5 that are underweight from 12.5 in 1990 to 3 percent in 2010. Malnutrition in children often begins at birth, when poorly nourished mothers give birth to underweight babies. Malnourished children develop more slowly, enter school later, and perform less well. Programs to encourage breastfeeding and improve the diets of mothers and children can help.