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Global Monitoring Report 2013: Monitoring the MDGs

Global Monitoring Report 2013: Monitoring the MDGs

Global Monitoring Report 2013: Rural-Urban Dynamics provides an in-depth analysis on urbanization as a force for poverty reduction and progress towards the MDGs in the developing world. With less than 1,000 days to go before the MDGs expire, the report highlights the need to accelerate efforts to improve the lives of the poor in both rural and urban areas.
Time left to Achieve the MDGs:
s

The Report Card on the MDGs: Fast Facts

New Data: Updated Poverty Estimates

  2010 2015
World 1.2b (20.6%)** 970m
(15.5%)
East Asia and Pacific 251m
(12.5%)
115m
(5.5%)
Europe and Central Asia 3m
(0.7%)
2m
(0.4%)
Latin America & Caribbean 32m
(5.5%)
30m
(4.9%)
Middle East & N Africa 8m
(2.4%)
9m
(2.6%)
South Asia 507m
(31%)
406m
(23.2%)
Sub-Saharan Africa 414m
(48.5%)
408m
(42.3%)
* Forecast
** Percent of total population

Regional Briefs (pdf)

Map


Middle East and North Africa
South Asia
East Asia and Pacific
Latin America and Caribbean
Europe and Central Asia
Africa

Special Focus: Rural-Urban Dynamics

Urbanization matters. In the past two decades, developing countries have urbanized on a massive scale and this trend will continue in the future, with 96 percent of the developing world’s additional 1.4 billion people, by 2030, expected to live in urban areas. Urbanization has helped speed progress towards the MDGs, including the reduction of poverty. However, urbanization is a not a cure-all. If unregulated and poorly planned, it leads to growth of slums, and increase in pollution and crime.

GMR 2013 also highlights that poverty is located along a continuous rural-urban spectrum, with the vast majority of the world’s 1.2 billion poor living in rural areas with less favorable access to basic amenities than people living in urban centers. The report, thus, calls for complementary rural-urban development policies and actions by governments to facilitate a healthy move toward cities without short-changing rural areas.

  • In 2011, 3.6 billion people (50% of the global population) lived in urban areas, compared with 1.5 billion in 1990
  • The developing world’s cities will house 1.4 billion additional people between now and 2030
  • 76% billion of the world’s 1.2 billion poor live in rural areas
  • Nearly 830 million people live in slums in developing countries
  • Nearly 1 billion people live in urban slums in developing countries
  • 61% of the world’s slum dwellers are in Asia, 25.5% in Sub-Saharan Africa and 13.4% in Latin America and Caribbean
  • In 2011, 50% of developing world population lived in urban areas

Charts

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