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Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

  • Target 7.A: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources
  • Target 7.B: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving by 2010 a significant reduction in the rate of loss
  • Target 7.C: Halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
  • Target 7.D: Have achieved a significant improvement by 2020 in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
  • CO2 emissions (per capita metric tons)
  • Access to improved water source

In 1990 63 percent of the people living in low- and middle-income economies lacked access to a flush toilet orother form of improved sanitation. By 2010 the access rate had improved by 19 percentage points to 44 percent. The situation is worse in rural areas, where 57 percent of the population lack access to improved sanitation. The large urban-rural disparity, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, is the principal reason the sanitation target of the Millennium Development Goals will not be achieved.

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