Girls have made substantial gains in primary and secondary school enrollments. In many countries, girls' enrollment rates outnumber boys', particularly in secondary school. But the comparison of enrollment rates obscures the underlying problem of under enrollment. Girls are still less likely to enroll in primary school or to stay in school until the end of the stage. In some countries the situation changes at the secondary stage. Girls who complete primary school may be more likely to stay in school, while boys drop out. In Europe and Central Asia and Latin American and the Caribbean the differences in higher education enrollments are substantial This is an unsatisfactory path to equity. Rapid growth and poverty reduction truly requires education for all.