The 2007 Global Monitoring Report was authored by a team led by Mark Sundberg, Lead Economist with the World Bank's Development Economics Vice Presidency, under the guidance of the Senior Vice-President and Chief Economist, Francois Bourguignon.
Mark Sundberg is Lead Economist in the Development Economics (Research) Vice-presidency. He is lead author for the 2006 and 2007 Global Monitoring Report. Prior to this he worked for three years in the Senior Vice President and Chief Economist’s office undertaking policy review and advising on Bank operations and analytic products. The previous twelve years were mainly as a country economist, covering India and Pakistan (1999-2002), Russia and Turkey (1995-96, 1998-99), Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand (1991-94), and Ghana (1990). He was a contributing author for the 1990 World Development Report on Poverty. From 1997 to 1998 he was on leave from the Bank working as the Salomon Smith Barney (Citigroup) regional chief economist for Asia, based in Hong Kong. His recent publications include: Absorptive Capacity and Achieving the MDGs: The Case of Ethiopia (with Hans Lofgren, IMF 2006), and Constraints to Achieving the MDGs with Scaled Up Aid (February 2006, United Nations DESA Working Paper No. 15, with Francois Bourguignon). He holds a Ph.D in Economics from Harvard University, and a college degree from Yale University.
Punam Chuhan is a Lead Economist in the Development Economics Vice Presidency. She is a member of the core team that produced the 2007 Global Monitoring Report. Her current work includes analyzing trends and developments in official development assistance, addressing issues in the scaling up of aid to poor countries, and exploring the links between donor allocations and recipient policies. She has worked on monitoring and assessing vulnerability to external shocks, analyzing the determinants of private capital flows, and assessing debt workout mechanisms. She represents the Bank in the Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics and has worked closely with staff from the BIS, ECB, IMF, and OECD in establishing new international standards on the measurement and reporting of debt and other financial obligations and in preparing the new Debt Guide.
Brendan Fitzpatrick is a Junior Professional Associate in the Development Economics Vice Presidency. He is a member of the core team that produced the 2006 and 2007 Global Monitoring Reports. Brendan’s current research is in aid effectiveness and environmental economics. Prior to joining the World Bank in 2005, Brendan was completing his Master’s degree in Public Administration in International Development at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. He worked with USAID’s Agriculture and Rural Enterprise Development team in Rwanda. Brendan also spent a year working with a small NGO in Duran, Ecuador, focusing on education programs for the poor. Brendan also has Bachelor’s degrees in Bioengineering and Economics from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Julien Gourdon is a Junior Professional Officer in the Development Economics Vice-Presidency. He is a member of the core team that produced the 2007 Global Monitoring Report. Prior to joining the Bank in November 2006, Julien was in the process of completing his PHD (to be defended) on the impact of Trade Liberalization on income inequalities in developing countries at the CERDI (University of Clermont-Ferrand). He has worked and authored a research paper with the French Agency for Development (AFD). Julien has also worked with UNCTAD on sustainability of tourism in developing countries and co-authored a research paper during his time there. In 2001 he received his Master’s degree in Development Economics from the CERDI.
Peter Fallon is Deputy Chief of the Development Issues Division in the IMF’s Policy Review and Development Department. Between 1988 and 2001, he held various positions in the World Bank, and was Lead Economist in the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network at the time of his departure. Earlier in his career, he was a university teacher on the Economics Faculty at the University of Sussex in the United Kingdom. He has published a number of academic articles and a textbook on labor economics. A British citizen, he has a PhD from the London School of Economics.
Barbara Bruns is lead economist in the office of the Chief Economist, Human Development Network at the World Bank, where her core responsibilities include monitoring global progress on the education and health Millenium Development Goals. In this role, she has been a core team member for the World Bank/IMF Global Monitoring Report in both 2006 and 2005 and lead author of the chapters on human development progress. Prior to assuming her current position in March 2004, Barbara headed the Secretariat for the global Education for All Fast Track Initiative, which is managed by the World Bank. She is co-author of the book A Chance for Every Child: Achieving Universal Primary Education by 2015 (Bruns, Mingat, and Rakotomalala 2003), lead author of the education chapter of A Sourcebook for Poverty Reduction Strategies (World Bank, 2002), and a contributor to Opportunity Foregone: Education, Growth and Inequality in Brazil, with Nancy Birdsall and Richard Sabot (1999). Barbara has also served as Manager of the Poverty and Human Development Division of the World Bank Institute (1995-98), principal economist in the Education and Social Policy Department, senior economist in the Brazil Department, and country economist in the West Africa region. She is currently managing global research programs on the impact on student learning outcomes of education reforms aimed at promoting local accountability and on the impact of different types of early child development and pre-school programs on children’s overall development and performance in primary school. Barbara holds degrees from the London School of Economics and the University of Chicago, and prior to joining the World Bank worked in the US Senate as an economic policy adviser to Adlai Stevenson III.
Mayra Buvinic is Sector Director for Gender and Development, PREM Network, World Bank. Between 1996 and 2004 she was Division Chief for Social Development and Special Advisor on violence prevention initiatives at the Inter American Development Bank (IDB). Prior to working at the IDB, Ms. Buvinic was a founding member and President of the International Center for Research on Women, in Washington D.C. (1978-2004). She is past President of the Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID) and member of a number of non-profit boards, including the International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka, and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Nigeria. Her published works are in the areas of gender, poverty and development; health and reproductive health; violence reduction and prevention; social inclusion and social cohesion; and project and program evaluations. A Chilean citizen, she has a PhD in Social Psychology from the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Elizabeth M. King is Research Manager for human development issues and public services in the World Bank. She has published on topics such as household investments in human capital; the linkages between human capital, poverty and economic development; education finance and the impact of decentralization reforms in developing countries. She has also examined the significance of gender differences in the development process, as exemplified in her books, Women’s Education in Developing Countries (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993) and Engendering Development: Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice (Oxford University Press, 2001). Since joining the World Bank, she has worked on countries as diverse as Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Indonesia, Nicaragua, and the Philippines, contributing to public expenditure reviews, country economic reports, policy analyses of the human development sectors, and impact evaluations of policies and programs. Before returning to the Bank's research department, she was the Lead Economist for human development for East Asian countries for three years; she was a core member of the teams for the World Development Reports for 1991, 1998/9, and 2006. Ms. King has a Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University.
Andrew Morrison is a Lead Economist in the PREM Gender and Development Group at the World Bank. His current analytical work focuses on labor force participation of women, migration, violence against women, and crime and violence prevention. Prior to joining the Bank, he worked at the Inter-American Development Bank, Tulane University and the University of New Mexico. In the area of violence prevention, he has published several articles and books, including a book on the socioeconomic costs associated with violence against women, a Foreign Policy article on trends in violence in the world and technical notes to guide the design of project interventions. He has also worked on project teams designing violence reduction operations in Chile, Colombia, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, and Uruguay, as well as on a host of technical cooperation operations in the areas of child labor and violence against women. He has written numerous journal articles on the issues of labor markets, migration and urbanization, with research support from the National Science Foundation, the Tinker Foundation, and the Fulbright Scholarship program. He received his Ph.D. in economics from Vanderbilt University in 1989.
Nistha Sinha is an Economist in the Gender and Development division of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management unit, World Bank. She was a core team member of the 2007 World Development Report, “Development and the Next Generation”. Prior to joining the World Bank, she worked as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Economic Growth Center, Yale University (2001-2003). Her work focuses on health, education, employment, and gender issues in low-income countries. She received her Ph.D. in Economics from University of Washington, Seattle, in 2001.
Stefano Curto currently works in the Office of the Vice President of Poverty Reduction and Economic Management on international policy issues relevant to a set of external partners and shareholders, including APEC, ASEM, the Commonwealth, the OECD-DAC, the IMF, UN, and G-24. His areas of interest and research include the international financial architecture agenda, including on IMF-World Bank cooperation on crisis prevention, mitigation and resolution. He also works on coherence, coordination, and cooperation among multilateral organizations and bilateral donors, including global issues of aid financing and effectiveness. He previously worked at European Central Bank (ECB) on macroeconomic and financial issues in emerging markets, including regional trade agreements, exchange rate regimes, financial and corporate restructuring, and capital flows in East Asia. Earlier, he worked at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) on issues of trade and FDI towards developing countries and on effectiveness of ODA and structural adjustment programs. He holds degrees from the University of Rome, University of Glasgow and the Kiel Institute of World Economics with a special focus on International Economics.