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Goal 8: Working Together

main page Goal 8

Important steps toward global partnership were taken at the international meetings in 2001 in Doha, which launched a new “development round” of trade negotiations, and in 2002 at the International Conference on Financing for Development in Monterrey, Mexico, where high-income and developing countries reached consensus on mutual responsibilities for achieving the Millennium Development Goals.

The consensus calls for developing countries to improve governance and policies aimed at increasing economic growth and reducing poverty and for high-income countries to provide more and better aid and greater access to their markets.

Total aid rose in recent years through 2005, and declined 5 percent in 2006.

But much of the recent increase was due to debt relief, and this may provide less than full additionality as measured by the current flow of new resources for development.

Owing to the steady reduction of tariffs, overall trade restrictiveness has largely declined in recent years. However, the poorest developing countries faced the highest barriers, notably from developed countries.

South-South trade faces a high level of protection. Most of this protection is in agriculture.

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The effect of policies on exporters’ access to markets differs by region. South Asian, Sub-Saharan African, and Latin American and Caribbean countries faced the highest barriers to their exports, since they export mainly agricultural products. For South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, restrictions by developed countries are especially high. East Asia and Pacific countries face less restrictions; the same is true for Europe and Central Asia and Middle East and North Africa.
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Donor focus on fragile states is translating into substantial assistance to some of those countries and the group as a whole. On average, DAC countries allocated 20 percent of bilateral aid to fragile states in 2003–05. However, more than half of fragile states received less ODA in 2005 than in 2001. Aid flows were dominated by debt relief; several donors provided over 50 percent of their aid in debt relief. Humanitarian aid also accounted for a substantial share of assistance to fragile states. By contrast, “other ODA,” which traditionally finances development projects and programs, was less than a quarter of aid.

TARGET 12: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, nondiscriminatory trading and financial system.

TARGET 13: Address the special needs of the least developed countries.

TARGET 14: Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing states.

TARGET 15: Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term.

TARGET 16: In cooperation with developing countries, develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth.

TARGET 17: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.

TARGET 18: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefi ts of new technologies, especially information and communications.
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The chart shows the breakdown of bilateral, sector-allocable aid, by social services, economic infrastructure (roads . . .), sector production, and multisector (environment . . .).

The share of aid devoted to government and civil society has increased.

Also, the shares of aid for agriculture, industry, and economic infrastructure have declined.

In several areas, donors are coming quite close to reaching the 2010 goals for harmonization and alignment.

The largest gap involved the use of country procurement systems, an area slowed by concerns over the quality of financial management.

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