The 2007 Global Monitoring Report examines the responsibilities and accountability of donor countries, developing countries, and the international financial institutions to support attainment of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), as agreed by 189 countries in 2000, and monitors recent performance against the MDG targets.
The report examines progress toward the MDGs: while halving of extreme poverty is on track for 2015 globally, there is less progress in the human development MDGs (education, health, access to sanitation, etc.), and regional differences are sharp—both Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia tend to lag further behind. The largest gap in meeting development goals is in fragile state—countries with weak governance and capacity—posing major developmental challenges highlighted in the report.
This year’s report focuses on gender equality and the empowerment of women, both central development issues. Gender equality is intrinsically fair, and empowering women improves both economic performance and progress in other development goals—including education, nutrition, and reducing child mortality. Some areas have seen rapid progress, such as achieving educational parity for girls in school. But in other dimensions—including political representation and nonagricultural
employment—performance falls short. Strengthening performance will require realistic goals, strong leadership, technical expertise, and financing.
To advance the MDG agenda, the international community needs to do more: donors need to provide more and better quality assistance; developing countries need to adopt sound, sequenced development strategies; international institutions should provide more technical support to strengthen strategies; and all need to work toward a more coherent and efficient “aid architecture.”