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Harold Alderman

HAROLD ALDERMAN is Lead Human Development Economist for the Africa Region, who also works closely with the Human Development and Public Services team in the Development Research Group. Prior to joining the Bank in 1991 he was a research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute. His main research interests are food policy and nutrition as well as the economics of education and of targeted poverty programs. He received a Ph.D in economics from Harvard University in 1984 and a M.S. in Nutrition from Cornell University in 1977.

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Journal Articles

  • "How to Ensure Nutrition Security in the Global Economic Crisis for the Protection and Enhanced Development of Young Children and Our Common Future." with de Pee, Saskia, Henk-Jan Brinkman, Patrick Webb, Steve Godfrey, Ian Darnton-Hill,  Richard Semba, Ellen Piwoz and Martin Bloem. Journal of Nutrition. 140: 138S-142S, 2010.
  • "Safety Nets Can Help Address the Risks to Nutrition from Increasing Climate Variability."  Journal of Nutrition.  140: 148S-152S, 2010.
  • "The Economic Cost of a Poor Start to Life."  Journal of Development Origins of Health and Disease. 1(1) 19-25, 2010.
  • “Effectiveness of a Community-based Intervention to Improve Nutrition in Young Children in Senegal: A Difference in Difference Analysis.” with Biram Ndiaye, Sebastian Linnemayr, Abdoulaye Kane, Claudia Rokx, Hadidiatou Dieng, and Menno Sibanda. 2009. Public Health Nutrition 12(5): 667–73,2009.
  • “Anemia In Low Income Countries Is Unlikely To Be Addressed by Economic Development Without Additional Programs.” with Sebastian Linnemayr.Food And Nutrition Bulletin 30(3): 265–70, 2009.
  • ”Preschool Nutrition and Subsequent Schooling Attainment: Longitudinal Evidence from Tanzania.” with Hans Hoogeveen, and Mariacristina Rossi.Economic Development and Cultural Change 57(2): 239–60, 2009.
  • “Determinants of Malnutrition in Senegal: Individual, Household, Community Variables, and Their Interaction.” with Linnemayr, Sebastian and Abdoulaye Kane. Economics and Human Biology 6(2): 252–63, 2008.
  • "Improving Nutrition through Community Growth Promotion: Longitudinal Study of Nutrition and Early Child Development Program in Uganda," World Development 35(8):1376-89, 2007.
  • "Economic and Nutritional Analyses Offer Substantial Synergies for Understanding Human Nutrition," with J. Behrman and J. Hoddinott. Journal of Nutrition 137: 537-544, 2007.
  • “Early Intervention and Caregiving: Evidence from the Uganda Nutrition and Early Childhood Development Program.” with Britto, Pia Rebello, Patrice Engle Child Health and Development 1(2): 112-33, 2007.
  • "Effect on weight gain of routinely giving albendazole to preschool children during child health days in Uganda: cluster randomised controlled trial," with  J. Konde-Lule, I. Sebuliba, D. A. P. Bundy, and A. Hall, British Medical Journal (June): 1-5, 2006.
  • "Countercyclical safety nets for the poor and vulnerable," with T. S. Haque, Food Policy 31: 372-383, 2006.
  • "Long term consequences of early childhood malnutrition," with J. Hoddinotty and B. Kinsey, Oxford Economic Papers 58: 450-474, 2006.
  •  "The "Glass of Milk" Subsidy Program and Malnutrition in Peru." with David Stifel. World Bank Economic Review 20(3): 421–28. 2006.
  • "Reducing the Incidence of Low Birth Weight in Low-Income Countries Has Substantial Economic Benefits," with J. Behrman, World Bank Research Observer 21(1): 25-48, 2006.
  • "Reducing Child Malnutrition in Tanzania Combined Effects of Income Growth and Program Interventions," with H. Hoogeveen and M. Rossi, Economics and Human Biology 4(1): 1-23, 2006.
  • "Child Growth, Shocks, and Food Aid in Rural Ethiopia," with L. J. Christiaensen and T. Yamano, American Journal of Agricultural Economics 87: 273-288, 2005.
  • "Targeting At The Margin: The "Glass Of Milk" Subsidy Program In Peru," with D. Stifel, Journal of Development Studies 41(5): 839-864, 2005
  • "Linkages between Poverty Reduction Strategies and Child Nutrition: An Asian Perspective," Economic and Political Weekly 40 (46): 4837-42, 2005.
  • "Child Growth, Shocks, and Food Aid in Rural Ethiopia," with T. Yamano and L. Christiaensen,  American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 87(2):273-288. 2005.
  • “Child Malnutrition in Ethiopia: Can Maternal Knowledge Augment the Role of Income?” with L. Christiaensen,  Economic Development and Cultural Change 52: 287-312, 2004.
  • "Reducing Child Malnutrition: How Far Does Income Growth Take Us?" with L. Haddad, S. Appleton, L. Song, and Y. Yohannes,  World Bank Economic Review 17(1): 107-31, 2003.
  • "Design, Evaluation, and Sustainability of Private Schools for the Poor: The Pakistan Urban and Rural Fellowship School Experiments," with J. Kim and P. Orazem, Economics of Education Review 22(3): 265-74, 2003.
  • "Changes in Consumption and Saving Behavior before and after Economic Shocks: Evidence from Zimbabwe," with L. Ersado and J. Alwang, Economic Development and Cultural Change 52: 187-216, 2003.
  • "How Low Can You Go? Combining Census and Survey Data for Mapping Poverty in South Africa," with M. Babita, G. Demombynes, N. Makhatha, and B. Özler, Journal of African Economies 11(2): 169-200, 2003. 
  • "With the Help of One’s Neighbors: Externalities in the Production of Nutrition in Peru," with J. Hentschel and R. Sabates, Social Science and Medicine 56(10): 2019-31, 2003.
  • "Do Local Officials Know Something We Don’t? Decentralization of Targeted Transfers in Albania," Journal of Public Economics 83(3): 375-404, 2002.
  • "School Quality, School Cost and the Public/Private School Choices of Low-Income Households in Pakistan," with P. Orazem and E. Paterno, Journal of Human Resources 36(2, Spring): 301-26, 2001.
  • "Attrition in Longitudinal Household Survey Data: Some Tests for Three Developing-Country Samples," with J. Behrman, H. Kohler, J. Maluccio, and S. Watkins,  Demographic Research 5:78-124, 2001.

Chapters in Books

  • ”Growth-Promoting Social Safety Net.” In The Poorest and the Hungry: Assessments, Analyses, and Actions: An IFPRI 2020 Book, with John Hoddinott. 2009 ed. Joachim von Braun, Ruth Vargas Hill, and Rajul Pandya-Lorch. Washington, DC: IFPRI.
  • “Hunger and Malnutrition.” In Global Crises, Global Solutions: Costs and Benefits, with Horton, Sue, and Juan Dommarco. ed. Bjorn Lomborg. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  • “Health, Nutrition and Economic Development.” with Jere Behrman and John Hoddinott, in International Handbook of Development Economics, Vol.1 (Chap. 25), ed. Amitava Krishna Dutt and Jaime Ros. London: Edward Elgar Publishing. 2008.
  • “The Synergy of Nutrition and ECD Interventions in Africa.” In Africa’s Future—Africa’s Challenge: Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) in Sub-Saharan Africa, with Patrice Engle, ed. Marito Garcia, Alan Pence, and Judith Evans. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2008.
  •  “The Economics of Addressing Nutritional Anemia.” with Susan Horton.  In Nutritional Anemia, ed. Klaus Kraemer, Michael Zimmerman. Zurich: Sight & Life Press. 2007.
  • “Hunger and Malnutrition.” with Behrman, Jere, and John Hoddinott. In Solutions for the World's Biggest Problems: Costs and Benefits, ed. Bjorn Lomborg. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2007.
  • “The World Bank’s Nutrition Strategy,” with M. McLachlan, in Food and Nutrition Security in the Process of Globalization and Urbanization, M. Schulz and U. Kracht (eds.),  Spektrum 84, Berlin Series on Society, Economy and Politics in Developing Countries. Lit Publisher, Münster, 2005.
  • "Nutrition, Malnutrition, and Economic Growth," with J. Behrman and J. Hoddinott, in Health and Economic Growth: Findings and Policy Implications, G. Lopez-Casasnovas, B. Rivera, and L. Currais (eds.), MIT Press, 2005.
  • "Hunger and Malnutrition", with J. Behrman and J.Hoddinott, Paper prepared for Copenhagen Challenge, in Global Crises, Global Solutions, B. Lomborg (ed.),  Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press. 2004.
  • "Gender Differentials in Farm Productivity: Implications for Household Efficiency and Agricultural Policy," with J. Hoddinott, L. Haddad, and C. R. Udry, in Household Decisions, Gender, and Development: A Synthesis of Recent Research,  A. R. Quisumbing (ed.), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.

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